Removing Spacing in Tables and Paragraphs

Category: open xml format sdk


Manonamission on Thu, 22 Apr 2010 10:40:41

Hi I'm trying to remove spacing in a Doc I'm producing with Open XML which has complex table structures. No matter what I do, my "No spacing" style applies 10pt spacing and Multiple line spacing at 1.15 times. I'm setting the style with this code:

#region --- GenerateParagraphProperties ---
    public ParagraphProperties GenerateParagraphProperties()
        ParagraphProperties paragraphProperties1 = new ParagraphProperties();
        ParagraphStyleId paragraphStyleId1 = new ParagraphStyleId() { Val = "NoSpacing" };
        return paragraphProperties1;
      catch (Exception ex)
        return null;

    #region --- GetStyles ---
    private Styles GetStyles()
      Styles styles = new Styles(
        new Style(
            new StyleName() { Val = "No Spacing" },
            new PrimaryStyle()
            ) { Type = StyleValues.Paragraph, StyleId = "NoSpacing", Default = true },
            new StyleParagraphProperties(
              new SpacingBetweenLines() { After = "0", Line="0" }
      return styles;

And applying the generated styles to each table Row, the Main body paragraph and so on. but still the spacing persists. Any thoughts gratefully received.






Fernando Hunth on Thu, 22 Apr 2010 19:22:48

Try not using Styles. Do it directly on the Paragraph properties

Something like this

ParagraphProperties paragraphProperties2 = new ParagraphProperties();

SpacingBetweenLines spacingBetweenLines2 = new SpacingBetweenLines(){ After = "0" };



Lu Zhang on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 02:21:36

Hi Philip,

Thanks for your question.

For your scenario, generally there are two steps, i.e. 1) creat a style and add it to StyleDefinitionsPart; 2) apply the style you defined to your destination paragraph. From your shared code, I guess you just create the new style but haven't added it to the StyleDefinitionsPart, which means the  Word application couldn't find the definition of the style you apply. You could try:  



to get the StyleDefinitionsPart then use StyleDefinitionsPart.Styles to access the Styles.

BTW, this how-to article might be helpful on the second step, you may need to check if there is ParagraphProperties and ParagraphStyleId existing in the document when creating a new one.

Hope this helps. If you have any question, please let me know.



Manonamission on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 09:07:51

Hi thanks for both answers I'll see if I can fix it from what you've both said. Much appreciated.


Manonamission on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 09:15:21

As an aside, I am adding the stlye to my document with the below where it is marked with ****. Is this wrong?

MainDocumentPart mainPart = parent.AddMainDocumentPart();
      mainPart.Document = new Document();
      Body body = GenerateBody();
      mainPart.Document.Body = body;
      ImagePart imagePart = mainPart.AddImagePart(ImagePartType.Jpeg);
      this._imagePartRID = mainPart.GetIdOfPart(imagePart);
      GenerateImagePart(imagePart, imageFileFolder + imageFileName, ref imageWidthEMU, ref imageHeightEMU);
      Table t = GenerateClientTable(imageFileName, imageWidthEMU, imageHeightEMU);

      ****//Style set up
      StyleDefinitionsPart stylePart = mainPart.AddNewPart<StyleDefinitionsPart>();
      **** stylePart.Styles = GetStyles();
      // save

Lu Zhang on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 10:05:09

Hi Philip,

Thanks for your sharing code.

Now after adding the code between "****", could you run it successfully? If not, what's the error info do you get? Could you describe it in detail?

Besides, you could also use the Productivity Tool to "Reflect Code" on a document which has the applied style to see how to add the style definitions.

Hope this helps. If you have any question, please let me know.



Manonamission on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 12:42:55

Hi Lu, the code marked in **** is already included. When I run it and open the document, the word ribbon shows the "No spacing" style as the selected one, but if I look at the Paragraph options for this style it has the 10ot spacing and multiple line spacing in the style, as opposed to one created from scratch with the "No spacing" stlye where these values are set to zero. I've tried the Reflection tool, and It shows the No spacing style applied in the same way as I appear to have it. Puzzling....

Manonamission on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 13:18:08

Hi I've added this to my paragraphproperties, but it throws an exception on the 2nd line. Any ideas?
ParagraphProperties paragraphProperties1 = new ParagraphProperties();
        paragraphProperties1.SpacingBetweenLines.After = "0";
        paragraphProperties1.SpacingBetweenLines.AfterLines = 0;
        paragraphProperties1.SpacingBetweenLines.Line = "0";

Manonamission on Fri, 23 Apr 2010 13:41:54

I've fixed it, AT LAST. Example below.

ParagraphProperties paragraphProperties1 = new ParagraphProperties(
          new ParagraphStyleId() { Val = "No Spacing" },
          new SpacingBetweenLines() { After = "0" }
        return paragraphProperties1;
Thanks for all your suggestions. The syntax is very fussy.

Lu Zhang on Mon, 26 Apr 2010 09:49:57

Hi Manonamission,

I don't think you have to add an extra "SpacingBetweenLines" to ParagraphProperties, the style definition could include the "No Spacing" style. Below is my code which might be helpful:



static void TestApplyStyle(string filename) {


using (var document = WordprocessingDocument.Open(filename, true))



//Add a new style definition


StyleDefinitionsPart styleDefPart = document.MainDocumentPart.GetPartsOfType<StyleDefinitionsPart>().FirstOrDefault();



//change all the paragraph


MainDocumentPart mainPart = document.MainDocumentPart;


var paragraphs = mainPart.RootElement.Descendants<Paragraph>();


foreach (var para in paragraphs)



if (para.Elements<ParagraphProperties>().Count() == 0)



ParagraphProperties>(new ParagraphProperties());





new ParagraphStyleId() { Val = "NoSpacing" }, 0);





private static void AddNewStyleNoSpacing(StyleDefinitionsPart styleDefinitionsPart1)



// You need to deal with the situation that Styles is null


Styles styles1 = styleDefinitionsPart1.Styles;


Style style1 = new Style() { Type = StyleValues.Paragraph, StyleId = "NoSpacing", CustomStyle = true };


StyleName styleName1 = new StyleName() { Val = "No Spacing" };


StyleParagraphProperties styleParagraphProp = new StyleParagraphProperties(new SpacingBetweenLines() { After = "0"});






The code above runs well on my machine and compared with your code, I don't think you need to set "Line = 0".

Hope this helps. If you have any question, please let me know.




hey_jude_ on Mon, 15 Aug 2011 14:15:52

Thanks - that's great. I spent ages trying to find a solution!

ermukund on Thu, 05 Sep 2019 14:32:03

Thanks, It helped me a lot. This is way that we can remove space and blank page is getting removed also.